Jaffa, (in Hebrew: Yāfō and in Arabic: Yaffa) and also called Japho or Joppa, the southern and oldest part of Tel Aviv-Jaffa, is an ancient port city in Israel.
Jaffa is famous for its association with the biblical stories of Jonah, Solomon and Saint Peter as well as the mythological story of Andromeda and Perseus, and later for its oranges.
Ancient Jaffa was built on a 40 metres (130 ft) high ridge, with a broad view of the coastline, giving it a strategic importance in military history.
The tell of Jaffa, created through the accumulation of debris and landfill over the centuries, made the hill even higher.
From the 1990s onwards, efforts have been made to restore Arab and Islamic landmarks, such as the Mosque of the Sea and Hassan Bek Mosque, and document the history of Jaffa's Arab population.
Parts of the Old City have been renovated, turning Jaffa into a tourist attraction featuring old restored buildings, art galleries, theaters, souvenir shops, restaurants, sidewalk cafes and promenades.
Many artists have moved their studios from Tel Aviv to the Old City and its surroundings, such as the Jaffa port, the American–Germany Colony and the flea market.
The municipality of Tel Aviv-Jaffa is currently working to beautify and modernize the port area.