The Gospel of John refers a number of times to a town called Cana of Galilee.
The name possibly derives from the Hebrew or Aramaic word for reeds.
The transformation of water into Wine at the Marriage at Cana or Wedding at Cana
is the first miracle attributed to Jesus in the Gospel of John. In the Gospel account,
Jesus, his mother and his disciples are invited to a wedding,
and when the wine runs out, Jesus delivers a sign of his glory by turning water into wine.
Among Christians and other students of the New Testament, Cana is best known
as the place where, according to the Fourth Gospel, Jesus performed "the first of his signs",
his first public miracle, the turning of a large quantity of water into wine at a wedding feast
(John 2:1–11) when the wine provided by the bridegroom had run out.
Although none of the synoptic gospels record the event, mainstream
Christian tradition holds that this is the first public miracle of Jesus.
The other biblical references to Cana are also in John: John 4:46, which mentions that
Jesus is visiting Cana when he is asked to heal the son of a royal official at Capernaum
and John 21:2, where it is mentioned that Nathanael (sometimes identified with the
Bartholomew included in the synoptic gospels' lists of apostles) comes from Cana.
The Book of Joshua mentions one city (19:28) and one brook (16:8; 17:9)
named Kanah (Cana) – neither is likely to be the Cana of Galilee.