CAESAREA PHILIPPI

Caesarea Philippi is mentioned by name in the Gospels of Matthew and Mark.

The city may appear in the Old Testament under the name Baal Gad (literally "Master Luck",

the name of a god of fortune who may later have been identified with Pan); Baal Gad is

described as being "in the Valley of Lebanon below Mount Hermon.

Latin: Caesarea Philippi, literally "Philip's Caesarea"; Ancient Greek: "Kaisareía Philíppeia"

was an ancient Roman city located at the southwestern base of Mount Hermon. 
It was adjacent to a spring, grotto, and related shrines dedicated to the Greek god Pan.

Now nearly uninhabited, Caesarea is an archaeological site in the Golan Heights.
Caesarea was called Paneas (Pāneiás), later Caesarea Paneas, from the Hellenistic period

after its association with the god Pan, a name that mutated to Banias, the name by which

the site is known today. 
For a short period, the city was also known as Neronias (Nerōniás); the surrounding region

was known as the Panion (Pā́neion).
Caesarea Philippi is mentioned by name in the Gospels of Matthew and Mark. The city

may appear in the Old Testament under the name Baal Gad (literally "Master Luck",

the name of a god of fortune who may later have been identified with Pan); 
Baal Gad is described as being "in the Valley of Lebanon below Mount Hermon."
Philostorgius, Theodoret, Benjamin of Tudela, and Samuel ben Samson all incorrectly

identified Caesarea Philippi with Laish (i.e. Tel Dan). 
Eusebius of Caesarea, however, accurately placed Laish in the vicinity of Paneas,

but at the fourth mile on the route to Tyre.

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