Beit She'an (Hebrew: Beth Šəān; Arabic: Bisān) is a city in the Northern District of Israel which has played an important role in history due to its geographical location at the junction of the Jordan River Valley and the Jezreel Valley.
In the Biblical account of the battle of the Israelites against the Philistines on Mount Gilboa,[the bodies of King Saul and three of his sons were hung on the walls of Beit She'an (1 Samuel 31:10-12).
In Roman times, Beit She'an was the leading city of the Decapolis. In modern times, Beit She'an serves as a regional center for the settlements in the Beit She'an Valley.
The ancient city ruins are now protected within the Beit She'an National Park.
Beit She'an's location has always been strategically significant, due to its position at the junction of the Jordan River Valley and the Jezreel Valley, essentially controlling access from Jordan and the inland to the coast, as well as from Jerusalem and Jericho to the Galilee.
Beit She'an is situated on Highway 90, the north–south road which runs the length of Israel. The city stretches over an area of 7 square kilometers with a substantial national park in the north of the city. Beit She'an has a population of 20,000.
Today the town is under the administration of the Emek HaMa'ayanot Regional Council.